Our commitment for a sustainable aquaculture
Sustainable development is now one of the key concepts in all lines of business. The basis of sustainable development have been planed out in the Brundtland report in 1987 and stated during the Rio Earth Summit in 1992. Every sector is considered as sustainable if it takes into account three major elements : social, environment and economy.
The stakes for sustainable aquafeeds :
Aquaculture faces an unparalleled development for 20 years and accounts now for 50%1 of the world's fish and crustacean consumption. This development relied on significant progress in the nutritional requirements of cultured species and in the feed technology (extrusion). The four major raw materials used in all aquafeeds are fishmeal, fish oil, vegetable proteins and vegetable oils.
Aquaculture is the first user of both products (83% for the fish oil abd 65% for the fish meal in 20072). Hence, the use of fish meal and fish oil is the first stake of a sustainable development of aquaculture.
In 2001, The INRA (French National Institute for Agricultural Research) stated that sustainable aquaculture should rely on production process that allow :
- To keep viable fish-farms in an open market and in acceptable economical conditions for the fish-farmer;
- To put on the market acceptable products for the consumer through the nutritional and sensorial quality they provide, the food safety they guarantee or the ethic of the production.
- Their integration into environment limiting the unsustainable inputs and their impacts.
That is on this last point that LE GOUESSANT has chosen for several years now to limit and reduce the raw materials coming from a marine origin in its feeds in favour of vegetable raw materials and has now decided to get involved through PAD (Sustainable Aquaculture Program) and the FOS (Friend Of the Sea) certification.
The pursuance of the aquaculture development has to be paired with a better integration in the environment limiting the unsustainable inputs and their impacts.
The PAD program of LE GOUESSANT, through the certification FRIEND OF THE SEA, gives today an operational response to the discussion and the challenge linked to the use of marine resources.
1 Naylor R.L. & Al, 2009 - Feeding aquaculture in an era of finite resources. PNAS, vol. 106, n°36 pp 15103-15110.
2 Tacon A.G.J., Metian M., 2008 - Global overview on the use of fish mea land fish oil in industrially compounded aquafeeds : Trends and future prospects. Aquaculture vol. 285, pp 146-158.